Malaysia is a signatory to a United Nations international agreement to develop REDD (reducing emission from deforestation and forest degradation). Conservative management has therefore, got to become part of the development of forest resources. Sustainable forest management practices, holistic approaches which marry both development and conservation, are being increasingly sought after as the means to conserve tropical rain forests.
Effort requesting for an increase in oil and gas royalty from Petronas was greeted poorly and ended up with discontentment. The pursuit for a rapport must proceed, a supply depot, a dire need for Sarawak election in August 2016.
Stern accusation pointed out by Adenan, aimed at bringing the timber tycoons in Sarawak under the limelight. No more excuses on illegal logging will be tolerated. During his meeting in London with the long-armed, over-powered, unscrupulous, almost serpent tongue-ish foreign NGOs, who have always been a thorn in the State’s side of somewhat stoic, try-hard-angelic governance, he reiterated Dr. M’s vision of waning timber concessions, through no awarding of new ones, and no more expansion for oil palm plantations, and the inclusion of our very own people, the citizen of Malaysia, as one of the receiving end of potentially cheap energy through generous number of dams and subsequent plans to construct more.
The approach, the integrity pledge, had insisted on the fact that no new timber concessions shall be awarded after the integrity pledge with special emphasis on the representatives of the Big 6. The tycoons were not the only side bombarded by USS Adenan. He followed up by delineated the State’s Forestry Department by name, as dirty, slithery, busty with enough guile to acquire legendary stealth stats in The Elder Scroll. Corrupt.
Entailed was the fact that the tycoons were feeling twitchy as the wind of change brought down by Adenan, weaving ghastly; idle land facing indomitable rumour that the idle land areas within the 43 given licences for planted forest established in the State are to be taken away by the Government to be converted into Permanent Forest Estate.
License for Planted Forest (LPF) in Sarawak was first issued in 1997. Towards the end of 2011, a total of 43 LPFs were delineated. This was greeted, celebrated like an old friend; natural forests became secondary forests, became logged-over forest, became potential energy for newbie, baby brothers corporation, sister companies, subsidiaries, through different endeavours. Enter, Industrial Tree Plantation (ITP).
Tree plantation was formulated as another initiative launched to boost the timber resources in Sarawak. The land area granted under LPF are not transferable and are not lease land. Currently, all LPF licensed area are owned by Sarawakian companies which are pioneers and the back-bone of the timber industries here.
Sarawak was one of the world’s leading suppliers of tropical hard woods in the 90s. The timber industry in Sarawak provided approximately half of the state’s revenues and 60 000 jobs in the rural economy. Many of Sarawak’s forests then were primary forest and later, were converted, almost rapidly, into secondary forest. The problem comes in the form of continuous streams of accusation laid onto the island of Borneo in relation to the protocols implemented to manage its tropical forests. The concern is mainly on the most important single characteristic of tropical rain forests, which is, their astonishing diversity of plant and animal species. Tackling this issue in the future would require an adequate understanding of tropical forests. This study will emphasize on species composition in two different conditions.
There are 43 licences awarded to numerous companies aiming at forest plantation development in Sarawak. These licences have a gross area of 2.8 mil hectares of which only about 50% or 1.3 mil hectares is plantable mainly after taking consideration of excluding slopes that are greater than 20 degrees.
Planted forests in the State were aimed at achieving 1 mil hectares of land planted by year 2020 in effort to reduce dependency, relieve stress on the natural forests in Sarawak. However, the acquisition of all 43 LPFs was not clean, even from its genesis in 1997. The land mass was not made available immediately. Evidence persists, as to why foreign investments heavily favour private sectors as compared to the government; the efficiency, the flamboyant and flair at making promises and statements, on par at opposite spectrums, with the eternity it will take to implement let alone accomplishing a task.
The slash-and-let-dry practices brought about nothing when it comes to tree plantation endeavours. The tycoons then seek South Africans and Filipinos plantation experts, paid handsomely to greet the problems presented by ITP.
The lack of quality seedlings and seedlings production, lacklustre soil science knowledge, miniscule land preparation expertise, NCR, and expenditure for foreign workforce, meant that the gurus had to start from scratch. Soil science though, still being perceived as lesser importance than the rest. Tree improvement was easier, at least in theory, in practicality, and soft on the budget pie chart.
Through these, the LPF holders, who had acquired substantial financial acquisition from over-exploitation of trees in the once majestic, vast span of ancient Sarawak rainforest…through these, they berated the inefficiency shown (almost explicitly) by the State government. And long gestation period; at least seven years required for the next revenue to be depicted. Henceforth, long gestation coupled with pest and insects’ infestations, social interferences through rural land claims and possibility of fire were listed, pocketed as ammunitions to packed and let loose through networks of local newspapers